Lake Baikal in south-central Siberia, where the village of Mal’ta is situated.
The genome of the MA-1 revealed that an Upper Palaeolithic population from this region admixed with ancestors of present-day East Asians, giving rise to the First American gene pool.
The colonisation of America has for decades been a hotly debated topic among researchers, with one of the big questions being who the first Americans were and where they came from.
He also took samples from the femur of another, roughly 17,000-year-old skeleton excavated in Afontova Gora in the same region.(The remaining 3 percent is the mysterious exception known as haplotype X, which we shall get back to).